Local Government-related Resources 1974-2015
Forty years of Japan Research Institute for Local Government (Chiho Jichi Sogo Kenkyusho/ ”Jichisoken” ) activity, now accessible in a single location
Editorial supervisor: Takanobu Tsujiyama (Director, The Japan Research Institute for Local Government)
Platform: Full purchase format (no fee for platform use or annual maintenance once purchased)
Following enactment of the Local Autonomy Law (Chiho Jichi-ho) in 1947, and numerous systemic reforms in the intervening period, in 2000 local government in Japan underwent an overhaul—Heisei decentralization (bunken kaikaku)–deemed on a par with the Meiji Restoration and post-war reforms. Since then there have been further calls for root-and-branch reform of local government, via the introduction of a more decentralized doshusei (state and circuit) system, or regional sovereignty reform (chiiki shuken kaikaku). This resource collates in a single location four valuable types of material compiled and published by The Japan Research Institute for Local Government think-tank, a Public Interest Incorporated Association (koeki zaidan hojin) established in 1974 and now the main center for research on Japanese local government, painting a comprehensive picture of the path trodden by the Institute, and what it has achieved, over the past four decades.
◆月刊「自治総研」The Jichi Soken monthly No. -1-365 (1975/1 - 2009/3）
Main organ of the Institute that could be described as its bulletin, this unique specialist journal serves as a rich source of informative essays on Japanese local government matters. Recent years have seen a sharp rise in references to the essays in this collection of research reports covering a range of local government topics including the civil service, local government system, trends in local government-related legislation, and fiscal and tax policies aimed at revitalizing the regions. Nos. 366 onward are available on the Institute’s website.
◆「研究所資料」Institute resources (Kenkyusho shiryo) No.1-113 (1975-2015) (No. 53 missing)
In addition to records of Institute seminars, symposia and lectures at which researchers, members of the media, local government heads et al have presented reports, includes series such as a list of local government heads for the whole of Japan, analyzing the state of local elections and local government as findings from a research project; reports on local public finances surveying challenges facing the system for adjusting local public finances; and mapping of the status of social welfare nationally, using census results. Contains a wealth of timely research on local government budget reforms, the electoral process and voting behaviors, growth in IT and the implications for local government, local government finances in crisis, major challenges in environmental policy, local government employee conduct/duties, the meaning of aging communities, and more.
◆「自治総研部内資料」Internal Jichisoken resources (Jichisoken bunai shiryo) (1974-2009)
A first-rate historical source that includes records of interviews with leading figures in local government studies conducted for the purpose of identifying issues with the Local Autonomy Law, civil service/HR management, finances, administrative reforms and public administration. Composed of five sections: general local government resources, Local Autonomy Law-related material, civil service/HR management, financial, and administrative reforms/public administration.
◆「自治総研ブックレット」Jichisoken Booklets No.1-No.79（1988-2004） (No. 28 missing)
Institute seminars have been recorded since the very first seminar in the “Institute resources”, but from the fourth seminar (1987) onward were also documented in “Jichisoken Booklets”, from the thirteenth seminar (1998) being recorded solely there. In the Booklets, a varied contingent of writers, not only researchers of course, but including local government heads and staff, and journalists, raise issues concerning local autonomy, decentralization, environmental problems, welfare/social security, finances and more, and offer policy advice. Contains Booklets up to 2005, when publication was taken over by Kojinsha.