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警察の民事責任

Police Civil Liability

Isidore Silver

2 vols. Looseleaf. 1986 to date.(追録年2回)

Matthew Bender. ISBN: 9780820515434

¥254,166

在庫あり

警察権の濫用による個人侵害・市民権の取り扱い・訴訟実務について解説。

【主な項目】

・警察の不法行為責任 ・警察の義務と責任 ・緊急時における過失 ・不正な逮捕と投獄 ・武器の誤用責任 ・暴行と不法身体侵害 ・悪意の訴追 ・連邦市民権訴訟 ・被逮捕者、収監者に対する義務 ・市民権と財産の保護義務 ・免責、など。

【Table of Contents】

Ch.1 Principles of Tort Liability

1.01 General Definition of Tort

1.02 Sources of Tort Liability

1.03 Categories of Torts

1.04 Liability of the United States Government and Its Employees

1.05 Liability of State and Local Governments in Federal Suits

1.06 [Reserved]

1.07 Intentional Tort Liability of the Police

1.08 Negligence

1.09 Burden of Proof

1.10 Pretrial and Trial Practice

Ch.2 General Police Duties and Authority

2.01 Introduction

2.02 Care of Incapacitated Persons

2.03 Emergency Medical Care

2.04 Arrestees and Jailees

2.05 Police Duty to Protect Property in Their Custody

2.06 Police Aid to Private Citizens

2.07 Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

2.08 Police Authority to Investigate Unusual Circumstances

2.09 Duty to Disclose or Act Upon Exculpatory Evidence

2.10 Immunity

Ch.3 Negligence During Police Emergencies

3.01 Police Emergency Vehicle Operations

3.02 “Due Regard for the Safety of Others”

3.03 Pursuit Policy: General Considerations

3.04 Negligence in Establishment of Maintenance of Roadblocks

3.05 Section 1983 Liability

3.06 Immunity During Emergency Operations

Ch.4 False Arrest or Imprisonment

4.01 False Arrest and False Imprisonment

4.02 Scope of Liability for False Arrest

4.03 Distinction Between False Arrest and Malicious Prosecution

4.04 False Arrest Under Warrant

4.05 “Negligent” or Reckless False Arrest

4.06 False Arrest of Imprisonment Resulting from “Stop and Frisk”

4.07 Arrest for Minor Traffic Offenses

4.08 Some Factors in Determining the Legality of the Arrest

4.09 Criminal Conviction and the Existence of Probable Cause

4.10 Probable Cause: Burden of Proof

4.11 Post-Arrest False Imprisonment

4.12 Cause of Action for Violation of State Constitutional, Statutory, or Common Law Rights

4.13 Employer Liability

4.14 Immunity

4.15 Damages

Ch.5 Liability for Misuse of Weapons

5.01 In General

5.02 Constitutional Restrictions on the Use of Deadly Force: Tennessee v. Garner

5.03 Intentional Tort Defenses and Burden of Proof: Self-Defense and Defense of Third Parties

5.04 Municipal Liability

5.05 Evidentiary Issues

5.06 Immunity

5.07 Damages

Ch.6 Assault and Battery

6.01 In General

6.02 Difference Between Assault and Battery

6.03 Reasonable Force During Arrest

6.04 Self-Defense and Defense of Third Persons

6.05 Burden of Proof

6.06 Employer Liability

6.07 Discovery and Evidentiary Issues

6.08 Immunity

6.09 Damages

Ch.7 Malicious Prosecution

7.01 Introduction

7.02 Distinction Between Malicious Prosecution and False Arrest

7.03 Abuse of Process

7.04 Proper Defendants

7.05 Institution or Maintenance of Legal Prosecution

7.06 Probable Cause

7.07 Reckless of Grossly Negligent Malicious Prosecutions

7.08 Favorable Termination of Criminal Proceeding

7.09 Proof of Malice

7.10 Immunity

7.11 Subsidiary Issues

7.12 Damages

7.13 State Constitutional Cause of Action

Ch.8 Section 1983 and Other Federal Civil Rights Actions

8.01 Relation to State-Law Actions

8.02 Violation of Constitutional Rights by Federal Officials

8.03 Preliminary Observations Concerning Section 1983

8.04 The “Color of Law” Requirement

8.05 Rights Protected Under Section 1983

8.06 [Reserved]

8.07 Liability of Supervisors

8.08 State and Municipal Liability Under Section 1983

8.09 Proximate Cause

8.10 Defenses

8.11 Damages in Section 1983 Actions

8.12 Prior Judicial Proceedings Involving the Same Issues and Parties

8.13 Statute of Limitations

8.14 Attorney’s Fees in Section 1983 Suits

8.15 Attorney’s Fees in Bivens Actions

8.16 Fees Under 18 U.S.C.S. §3006A Against the Government for Frivolous, Vexatious, or Bad Faith Criminal Prosecutions

8.17 Evidentiary Issues in Section 1983 Litigation

Ch.8A Specific Constitutional Rights and Section 1983

8A.01 Ascertaining Constitutional Rights

8A.02 False Arrest and False Imprisonment

8A.03 Seizures by Use of Deadly or Excessive Force

8A.04 Illegal Searches and Seizures

8A.05 The Fourth Amendment and Electronic Surveillance

8A.06 Substantive Due Process

8A.07 Illegal Interrogation

8A.08 Fair Trial; Denial of Counsel; Pretrial Publicity, Lineups and Cognate Issues

8A.09 Cruel and Unusual Punishment and Due Process Rights in Custody

8A.10 Wrongful Death

8A.11 First Amendment Violations

8A.12 Equal Protection of the Laws

8A.13 Conspiracies Under Section 1983 and Other Civil Rights Laws

8A.14 Defamation and Invasion of Privacy

8A.15 Threats, Retaliation, and Harassment for Assertion of Constitutional Rights

8A.16 Malicious Prosecution as a Constitutional Tort

Ch.9 Duty to Protect

9.01 Introduction

9.02 General Duty to Prevent Crime

9.03 Police Contact with Victim, Criminal, or Suspect Prior to Crime or Accident

9.04 Police Assumption of Control at Scene of Accident

9.05 Police Command and Direction: Liability to One Acting Under Such Command

9.06 Negligent Response to Emergency Call

9.07 “Special Duties” Creating Liability

9.08 Negligent Performance of Custodial Duties

9.09 Transit Authorities

9.10 Public Housing

9.11 Public Parks and Other Recreational Facilities

9.12 Public Buildings

9.13 Public Highways

9.14 Negligent Hiring, Supervision, and retention of Officer Who Has Shown Dangerous Propensities

9.15 [Reserved]

9.16 Duty to Protect Under 42 U.S.C.S. §1983 and the Federal Tort Claims Act

9.17 Government Immunity and the Duty to Protect

Ch.10 Tort Claims Acts and Immunity

10.01 Introduction

10.02 Sovereign Immunity in Federal Courts

10.03 Municipal and County Immunity

10.04 Individual Liability

10.05 Respondeat Superior

10.06 Abolition of Sovereign Immunity and Partial Statutory Reenactment

10.07 Immunity for Discretionary Functions or Acts

10.08 Nonimmunity for Ministerial Acts

10.09 Individual Liability Under Immunity Statutes

10.10 Effect of Federal Immunity Doctrine on State Immunity

10.11 Municipal Liability and Section 1983

10.11A State Constitutional Tort Actions

10.12 Parratt v. Taylor and Immunity

10.13 Indemnification and Contribution

 

Appendix A State Emergency Vehicle Statutes

Appendix B State Immunity Statutes

Appendix C Selected Federal Statutes

Appendix D Immunity in Federal Civil Rights Actions

Appendix E Factual Synopses of Entrapment Cases by Court

Appendix F Brady Claims

Forms

Table of Cases

Index